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The Union, by presidential proclamation, holds a day of "humiliation, prayer, and fasting" for the nation

Abraham Lincoln, May 16, 1861, Brady image, detail
09/28/1861
President Lincoln, at the request of Congress, had in early August issued a proclamation designating the last Thursday in the upcoming month of September as "a day of humiliation, prayer, and fasting for all the people of the nation."  Accordingly, churches and civic groups across the country, especially in the large cities of the North, held observations on this, the designated day.  (By John Osborne) 
Source Citation: 
Frank Moore, ed., The Rebellion Record: A Diary of American Events, with Documents, Narratives, Illustrative Incidents, Poetry, Etc. (New York: G.P.Putnam, 1861), III: 37. 

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