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In Norway, Nobel Prize winning polar explorer, diplomat, and humanitarian Fridtjof Nansen is born near Olso

Fridtjof Nansen, circa 1900, detail
Fridjof Nansen was born just north of present-day Oslo.  Son of a lawyer, he became an accomplished student and athlete, winning the national championships and setting world records in skiing and skating.  He took to polar exploration and his exploits made him one of the world's most famous explorers and scientists.  Later, he joined the League of Nations and was awarded the 1922 Nobel Prize for his world-wide work with the refugees thrown up in the chaos of the First World War.  He died of a heart attack in May 1930 aged sixty-eight.  (By John Osborne) 
Source Citation: 
Jacob Breda Bull, tr. Mourdaunt R. Barnard, Fridtjof Nansen (Boston, MA: D.C. Heath and Company, 1899), 2.