Brigadier-General Humphrey Marshall had been recruiting for the Confederacy in eastern Kentucky and had raised a force of around 2,000 men. Thirty year-old Colonel James A. Garfield was ordered to take his Union brigade and drive Marshall from the state. This he did after a small battle at Middle Creek in Floyd County on January 10, 1862. Six days later, the future President issued a proclamation to the citizens of the surrounding Big Sandy Valley in Eastern Kentucky from his headquarters at Paintsville in Johnson County. Notably, he called for any citizen suffering illegal losses to Union soldiery to apply to him for redress and compensation.
Colonel James A. Garfield to the Citizens of the Big Sandy Valley, Kentucky, January 16, 1862
How to Cite This Page: "Colonel James A. Garfield to the Citizens of the Big Sandy Valley, Kentucky, January 16, 1862," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College, http://hd.housedivided.dickinson.edu/node/38259.