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Judge Samuel R. Betts, U.S. District Court, New York, Condemnation of Schooner Albion as Lawful Prize, January 22, 1862

Civil War at Sea Topic Image, Crew members of the USS Pawnee
The U.S.S. Penguin had captured the schooner Albion, formerly the Lucy R. Waring of Baltimore, near Edisto Island, off the coast of South Carolina, after a three hour chase on the morning of November 25, 1861. Found to be attempting to run the Charleston blockade with arms, ammunition, and other military supplies, a prize crew under Master's Mate George N. Hood was put aboard the captured vessel and sailed her to New York. Here veteran U.S. Judge Samuel Rossiter Betts, in his Southern District of New York Court, condemned the Albion as enemy property and declared it a lawful prize. This judgement is typical of scores of such federal judicial actions in U.S. courts at the time as the U.S. Navy sought to counter Confederate vessels attempting to run the blockade of Southern ports. (By John Osborne)