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In Indian Territory, Union and Confederate Native American troops clash at the Battle of Chusto-Talasah

Civil War Battle, iconic image
12/09/1861
Near Bird Creek in the Indian Territory, opposing forces made up almost entirely of rival Native American tribes clashed in a small but fiercely fought battle, now known as the Battle of Chusto-Talasah.  Unionists of the Creek and Seminole tribes under Chief Opothleyahola were driven from entrenched positions by Chocktaw, Chickasaw and Cherokee Confederates, supported by Texas Cavalry.  Casualties numbered no more than a dozen killed on each side on a battleground five miles from present-day Tulsa, Oklahoma. (By John Osborne)
Source Citation: 
Mark Lardas, Native American Mounted Rifleman 1861-65 (New York: Osprey Publishing, 2006), 51. 

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