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St. Louis southern sympathizer contests local tax to help refugees and lands in jail, with his lawyer

Henry Wager Halleck, detail
01/23/1862
St. Louis, Missouri, under Union martial law, had received many refugees who had fled from Confederate control in the south-east of the state.  General Henry Halleck ordered a mandatory assessment of relief funds for them from leading St. Louis citizens who openly supported the southern cause.  Samuel Engler, a leading merchant, brought his lawyer to contest this arbirary tax and both men were immediately arrested and sent to a military prison.  Engler was then ordered out of Union-held Missouri.  After this event , the assessments were generally paid.  (By John Osborne) 
Source Citation: 
Frank Moore, ed., The Rebellion Record: A Diary of American Events, with Documents, Narratives, Illustrative Incidents, Poetry, Etc. (New York: G.P.Putnam, 1862), IV: 16. 

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