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Major General Benjamin Butler begins his notorious eight months as military governor of New Orleans

Benjamin Franklin Butler, detail
05/01/1862
Flag Officer David Faragut's naval forces had take possession of New Orleans a few days earlier.  Major General Benjamin Butler, one of President Lincoln's "political generals," had landed with five thousand men to replace Farragut's U.S. Marines in the defiant city.  Butler immediately declared martial law and issues a stern warning to all those who would insult the Union.  He backed up those promises energetically over the following eight months earning himself the epithet "Beast Butler" across the Confederacy.  (By John Osborne) 
Source Citation: 
Frank Moore, ed., The Rebellion Record: A Diary of American Events, with Documents, Narratives, Illustrative Incidents, Poetry, Etc. (New York: G.P. Putnam, 1863), V: 1-2.