Back to top

British scientists estimate the country's coal reserves will last 930 years at present levels of consumption

British Association of the Advancement of Science, August 27, 1863, Newcastle, England, artist's impression
08/27/1863
Sir William Armstrong, opening the British Association for the Advancement of Science convention in the heart of British coal country at Newcastle, noted that the nation's extractable coal reserves were an estimated eighty billion tons. This would suffice Britain for 930 years at current usage levels but future increases could reduce that to as little as 212 years.  Armstrong also decried the waste of coal and asked for more efficient use. (By John Osborne) 
Source Citation: 
Chronicle, The Annual Register or a View of the History and Politics of the Year 1863 (London: F. & J. Rivington, 1864), 375.