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In Pennsylvania, New York Militia units prepare a defense of Carlisle against the Confederate advance

Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, Pennsylvania, 1861, photograph
Brigadier General J.F. Knipe had gathered two New York militia regiments at the fairgrounds north of Carlisle, Pennsylvania and then deployed them about a mile west of the town square where local  home guards and African-American townspeople had already begun entrenchments. Before the Confederates arrived, though, the New Yorkers were ordered back towards Harrisburg and marched away the following evening.  (By John Osborne)
Source Citation: 
Cooper H. Wingert, The Confederate Approach on Harrisburg: The Gettysburg Campaign's Northernmost Reaches (Charleston, SC: The History Press, 2012), 57-58.