Back to top

Exiles from Haiti make a daring attack on Spanish-ruled Santo Domingo opening the two-year War of Restoration

Caribbean and West Indies, 1857, zoomable map
The Dominican Republic had been independent of Spain for 17 years when its dictator, General Pedro Santana, engineered Spanish recolonization in 1861. Exiles gathered in neighboring Haiti and launched an attack on the capital of Santo Domingo.  A provisional government was set up under José Salcedo and a long guerilla war waged against royal authorities. Spain tired of the conlict, revoked its sovereignty, and withdrew in May 1865. (By John Osborne)  
Source Citation: 
G. Pope Atkins, The Dominican Republic and the United States: From Imperialism to Transnationalism (Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 1996), 18.