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In England, Charles Dodgson gives Alice Liddell a manuscript entitled "Alice's Adventures Underground."

England and Wales, 1857, zoomable map
11/26/1864
The English mathematician and pioneer photographer Charles Dodgson presented a unique early Christmas gift to Alice Liddell, the twelve year old child of a family friend. The beautifully hand-written and illustrated story was called Alice's Adventures Underground.  Dodgson, using the pen-name Lewis Carroll, later published this story of a seven year old girl encountering fantastical creatures down a rabbit-hole as Alice in Wonderland. The first printing, in 1866, sold out in hours and "Alice" has been famous since. (By John Osborne)
Source Citation: 
U. C. Knoepflmache, Ventures Into Childland: Victorians, Fairy Tales, and Femininity (Chicago, IL:  University of Chicago Press, 2000), 22.

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