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In Uruguay, the civil war comes to an end as negotiations replace the government with the rebel Colorado Party

South America, 1857, zoomable map
The ongoing revolt in Uruguay of the insurgent Colorado Party, with open military support from Brazil and material support from Argentina, against the Blanco  goverment was finally ended by negotiation.  With Italian diplomats as intermediaries, the Colorado leader, General Venancio Flores, became interim president with elections to be scheduled.  Full amnesty for both sides was included in the agreement.  Peace in the region was not lasting, however; the disastrous Paraguayan War soon fully underway. (By John Osborne)
Source Citation: 
Hendrik Kraay, Thomas Whigham (eds), I Die with My Country: Perspectives on the Paraguayan War, 1864-1870 (Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 2004),123.