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Shifting ice on the frozen Mississippi River crushes seven river boats on the St. Louis, Missouri levee

Ice Jam on the Mississippi River at St. Louis, Missouri, December 16, 1865, artist's impression
12/16/1865
The upper sections of the Mississippi River were frozen over during the particularly cold winter and ice "gorges" had formed both above and below St. Louis, Missouri.  When, as was inevitable, these masses of ice shifted, seven Mississippi river boats moored on the levee - the New Admiral, Old Sioux City, Empire City, Calypso, Highlander, Metropolitan, and Geneva - were crushed and destroyed. The loss was estimated at $185,000.  (By John Osborne)
Source Citation: 
William C. Cochran, "Perils of River Navigation," Proceedings of the Mississippi Valley Historical Association; Volume X Part II, for the Year 1919-1920; 1921; p. 330. 
"Breaking Up of the Ice on the Mississippi - Destruction of Steamers," New York Times, January 13, 1866, p. 8.

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