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Joseph S. Ingraham to Andrew Johnson, Bangor, Maine, February 8, 1866

Bangor, Maine, 1861, artist's impression
In what must have been one of the most "Copperhead" Democrat letters of support President Johnson received in his emerging battle with Congress, Maine chemist Joseph S. Ingraham lays out his own opinions that the South was justified in seceding, the conflict was not about Slavery, and that the Confederacy had been re-fighting "the battle of the Revolution." Ingraham, interestingly, ascribes the conflict then and now to Northern jealousy in Congress to the superior Southern "genius and talent" and fears that the South would outshine the North in "glory and prosperity." In what he sees as a continuation of the fight, he praises President Johnson's own efforts for "true republican liberty versus centralization" and warns him that the radicals will now do everything they can to remove him from office. (By John Osborne)


How to Cite This Page: "Joseph S. Ingraham to Andrew Johnson, Bangor, Maine, February 8, 1866," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College,