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Britain and the African Kingdom of Madagascar conclude a treaty of friendship and cooperation.

Africa, 1857, zoomable map
07/06/1866

The British consul in Madagascar, Thomas Pakenham, and his diplomatic counterpart exchanged the formal ratification of a treaty negotiated the year before between the United Kingdom and Queen Rasoherina of Madagascar.  A major element of the treaty was to open the island to British Christian missionaries and provide any converts among the local population the freedom to practice without fear as Christians.  Britons could also own land and engage in commerce. This confirmed several decades of strong British influence on the island.  (By John Osborne)

Source Citation: 

"Africa," The American Cyclopedia and Register of Important Events 0f the Year 1866 (New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1873), 4.

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