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In southern Africa, the Basutho and the Orange Free State negotiate an end the Free State-Basotho War

Africa, 1857, zoomable map

Years of fighting between the Boer settlers of the Orange Free State and the Basuto peoples were halted with a treaty signed at Thaba Bosiu by Basulto leader Moshoeshoe in which large areas were ceded to the Boers.  The halt was temporary, however, and hostilities broke out again in 1867.  In danger of being completely overrun, Moshoeshoe appealed to the British for annexation and this was granted in March 1868 and the tribal area became a part of the British Empire as Basutoland. (By John Osborne)

Source Citation: 

"Africa," The American Cyclopedia and Register of Important Events 0f the Year 1866 (New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1873), 5.