Henderson, Robert Miller

Robert Miller Henderson, detail

Robert Miller Henderson was a Pennsylvania lawyer who became a citizen soldier and a natural leader on the battlefields of the Civil War. He was born in North Middleton Township, Pennsylvania, the eldest son of William and Elizabeth Henderson in March 1827. He graduated from the local Dickinson College in 1845, studied law, and passed the bar in August 1847. He was still only twenty-five years old when he was elected as a Whig to the Pennsylvania House of Representatives in 1851, serving two terms. In April 1861, Henderson helped raise a unit of volunteers called the "Carlisle Fencibles," later Company A of the Seventh Pennsylvania Reserve Infantry, and was elected their captain. The Seventh fought in Virginia in 1862, with Henderson cited for gallantry and rising to command of the regiment. His combat service came to an end when he suffered a serious chest wound at the Second Battle of Bull, in August 1863. Upon recovering, Henderson was named in April 1863 as Provost Marshal for Cumberland, York, and Perry Counties. Responsible for the difficult task of enforcing the new draft, he served in this post until the end of the war. In March 1865 he was named as a Brevet Brigadier General of Volunteers in recognition of his gallant conduct at Bull Run. After the war, he sat as judge of the Twelfth Judicial District of Pennsylvania and was also president of the Pennsylvania Antietam Battlefield Memorial Commission in 1905. He died at his home in Carlisle in January, 1906. (By John Osborne)

Life span
03/11/1827—01/26/1906
Dickinson Connection:
Class of 1845

Life Summary

Full name
  Robert Miller Henderson
Place of Birth
Birth Date Certainty
  Exact
Death Date Certainty
  Exact
Gender
  Male
Race
  White
Sectional choice
  North
Origins
  Free State
No. of Spouses
  1
No. of Children
  6
Family
 
William Miller Henderson (father), Elizabeth Parker (mother), Margaret Webster (wife)
Education
  Dickinson (Carlisle College)
  Other
Other Education
  Carlisle High School, PA
Occupation
  Politician
  Military
  Attorney or Judge
Military
  Union Army

Note Cards

Major Topics