Schofield, John McAllister

Life Span
to
Full name
John McAllister Schofield
Place of Birth
Birth Date Certainty
Exact
Death Date Certainty
Exact
Gender
Male
Race
White
Sectional choice
North
Origins
Free State
No. of Spouses
2
No. of Children
6
Family
James Schofield (father), Caroline McAllister (mother), Harriet Bartlett (first wife, 1857), Georgia Kilbourne (second wife, 1891)
Education
West Point (US Military Academy)
Occupation
Military
Educator
Relation to Slavery
White non-slaveholder
Church or Religious Denomination
Baptist
Government
Johnson Administration (1865-69)
Military
US military (Pre-Civil War)
Union Army
US military (Post-Civil War)

John McAllister Schofield (American National Biography)

Scholarship
Thanks in part to Missouri friends, Schofield was nominated brigadier general of volunteers and assigned to command the Missouri Enrolled Militia in November 1861. Raising and equipping this force, authorized only for state defense, occupied Schofield until April 1862. A factional dispute in Missouri between "radicals," desiring immediate emancipation and punitive military actions, and "conservatives," seeking gradual emancipation and military restraint, complicated Schofield's position. More problems arose from Confederate incursions across the border with Arkansas. Given command of the "Army of the Frontier," Schofield campaigned in southwestern Missouri and Arkansas from October 1862 to April 1863. Although he had kept Missouri relatively quiet and supplied needed troops for the Vicksburg campaign, radicals defeated his nomination as major general of volunteers in January 1863, a rank he eventually attained in March.
William M. Ferraro, "Schofield, John McAllister," American National Biography Online, February 2000, http://www.anb.org/articles/05/05-00694.html.
Chicago Style Entry Link
McDonough, James L. Schofield: Union General in the Civil War and Reconstruction. Tallahassee: Florida State University Press, 1972. view record
Schofield, John McAllister. Forty-Six Years in the Army. New York: Century Co., 1897. view record
How to Cite This Page: "Schofield, John McAllister," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College, http://hd.housedivided.dickinson.edu/node/6537.