Logan, John Alexander

Life Span
to
Full name
John Alexander Logan
Place of Birth
Burial Place
Birth Date Certainty
Exact
Death Date Certainty
Exact
Gender
Male
Race
White
Sectional choice
North
Origins
Free State
Family
John Logan (father)
Education
Other
Other Education
Shiloh College; University of Louisville
Occupation
Politician
Military
Attorney or Judge
Relation to Slavery
White non-slaveholder
Political Parties
Democratic
Republican
Government
US Senate
US House of Representatives
State legislature
Other state government
Military
US military (Pre-Civil War)
Union Army

John Alexander Logan (Congressional Biographical Directory)

Reference
LOGAN, John Alexander, a Representative and a Senator from Illinois; born in Murphysboro, Jackson County, Ill., on February 9, 1826; attended the common schools and studied law; served in the war with Mexico as a lieutenant; returned to Illinois; clerk of the Jackson County Court 1849; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1852, and practiced; member, Illinois house of representatives 1852-1853, 1856-1857; prosecuting attorney for the third judicial district of Illinois 1853-1857; presidential elector on the Democratic ticket in 1856; elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-sixth and Thirty-seventh Congresses and served from March 4, 1859, until April 2, 1862, when he resigned and entered the Union Army; chairman, Committee on Revisal and Unfinished Business (Thirty-sixth and Thirty-seventh Congresses); during the Civil War was commissioned brigadier general, and then major general of Volunteers, and served until 1865; elected as a Republican to the Fortieth, Forty-first, and Forty-second Congresses and served from March 4, 1867, until his resignation on March 3, 1871, at the end of the Forty-first Congress, having been elected Senator; chairman, Committee on Military Affairs (Forty-first Congress); one of the managers appointed by the House of Representatives in 1868 to conduct the impeachment proceedings against President Andrew Johnson; conceived of the idea of Memorial Day and inaugurated the observance in May 1868; elected to the United States Senate as a Republican and served from March 4, 1871, to March 3, 1877; unsuccessful candidate for reelection; chairman, Committee on Military Affairs (Forty-third and Forty-fourth Congresses); resumed the practice of law in Chicago; again elected to the United States Senate in 1879; reelected in 1885, and served from March 4, 1879, until his death; chairman, Committee on Military Affairs (Forty-seventh and Forty-eighth Congresses); unsuccessful Republican nominee for Vice President of the United States in 1884; died in Washington, D.C., December 26, 1886; lay in state in the Rotunda of the U.S. Capitol, December 30-31, 1886; interment in a tomb in the National Cemetery, Soldiers’ Home, Washington, D.C.
"Logan, John Alexander," Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774 to Present, http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=l000403.
Chicago Style Entry Link
Ecelbarger, Gary. Black Jack Logan: An Extraordinary Life in Peace and War. Guilford, CT: Lyons Press, 2005. view record
Jones, James P. Black Jack: John A. Logan and Southern Illinois in the Civil War Era. Tallahassee: Florida State University, 1967. view record
Jones, James P. John A. Logan: Stalwart Republican From Illinois. Tallahassee: University of Florida Press, 1982. view record
How to Cite This Page: "Logan, John Alexander," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College, https://hd.housedivided.dickinson.edu/index.php/node/12434.