New York Times, “The Free Negroes of Maryland,” June 13, 1859

    Source citation
    “The Free Negroes of Maryland,” New York Times, June 13, 1859, p. 4: 1-2.
    Original source
    Albany (NY) Evening Journal
    Newspaper: Publication
    New York Times
    Newspaper: Headline
    The Free Negroes of Maryland
    Newspaper: Page(s)
    Newspaper: Column
    Date Certainty
    Don Sailer, Dickinson College
    Transcription date
    The following text is presented here in complete form, as it originally appeared in print. Spelling and typographical errors have been preserved as in the original.

    THE FREE NEGROES OF MARYLAND. – The fact brought to notice by the recent Slaveholder’s Convention, that the free blacks constitute more than one-eighth of the entire population in Maryland, excites no little surprise. Few at the North were prepared to hear that they were so numerous, though an examination of that much-neglected volume, the census returns of 1850, would have revealed the state of the case. The Albany Evening Journal, sharing the general misapprehension, speaks of the free negroes of Maryland as “a few hundred.” Mr. PEARCE, on the hand, states their present number at 80,000. In the State of New York, by the census of 1850, we had 49,069 colored people. If they were proportionally as numerous here as in Maryland, we should have to-day 400,000, or ten times the actual number. A Baltimore journal says that more than half the free blacks of the State reside in that City, where the returns of the Savings Banks, as well as the condition of the churches and societies supported by them, evince their perfect ability to take care of themselves when they have an opportunity for employment and improve it. Slavery in Maryland exists mainly in the country, on large farms. The towns, including the large commercial City of Baltimore, are favorable to freedom.

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