It is usually designated as the southernmost of the Middle States, lying on the Atlantic coast;... The present boundaries of the state are as follows: north by Pennsylvania, east by Delaware and the Atlantic Ocean, south and west by Virginia, from which it is divided by the River Potomac. Its form is extremely irregular. Chesapeake Bay, passing through the state from north to south, near its centre, separates it into two sections, which are known respectively as the Eastern Shore and the Western Shore. (Gazetteer of the United States of America, 1854)
    Place Unit Type
    State or Province
    Containing Unit
    Date Type
    Democrats sweep to victory in the first state elections under the new Maryland constitution. Campaigns/Elections
    - Federal troops in Maryland swoop to arrest pro-secession legislators, officials, and newspaper editors Lawmaking/Litigating
    Governor Hicks refuses to call the Maryland legislature to hear the Mississippi secession commissioner Lawmaking/Litigating
    In Maryland, Unionists triumph in the statewide elections and Augustus Bradford is elected as governor Campaigns/Elections
    Maryland holds a Slaveholder's Convention with representatives from almost every county Slavery/Abolition
    Maryland Republicans hold their state convention in Baltimore amidst hostile crowds Campaigns/Elections
    Maryland votes overwhelmingly for a new constitutional convention. Campaigns/Elections
    Maryland's law banning all manumission of slaves comes into effect Slavery/Abolition
    President Buchanan rejects Virginia's call for federal forces to police neighboring states Legal/Political
    - Roger Taney enters the Maryland legislature Personal
    Spy informs Edward Gorsuch about location of his runaway slaves Legal/Political
    Stringent Sunday "blue laws" come into effect across the state of Maryland. Lawmaking/Litigating
    The Maryland constitutional convention completes its work on a new ruling document for Maryland. Lawmaking/Litigating
    The newly formulated Maryland Constitution of 1867 receives an overwhelming endorsement in a popular vote. Campaigns/Elections
    Volunteer Generals Butler and Dix end their Civil War military service Battles/Soldiers
    Date Title
    Carlisle (PA) Herald, "Tumult and Riot," June 9, 1847
    Spencer Fullerton Baird, Report of the Curator of the Musuem, July 11, 1848
    Carlisle (PA) Herald, "In the Surpreme Court of Penn'a," June 27, 1849
    Boston (MA) Herald, “First Arrest under the New Fugitive Slave Bill,” September 30, 1850
    Thomas Garrett to James Miller McKim, December 29, 1854
    Richmond (VA) Dispatch, "The Underground Railroad," December 6, 1855
    Thomas Garrett to William Still, December 26, 1855
    John Henry Hill to William Still, August 15, 1856
    New York Times, "The American Party," March 3, 1857
    New York Herald, "The Decision in the Dred Scott," March 9, 1857
    New York Times, “The Ballot-Box and the Bayonet,” October 30, 1857
    New York Herald, "Kansas as a Slave State," January 7, 1858
    Lowell (MA) Citizen & News, "Lynch Law in Maryland," July 6, 1858
    New York Herald, "The Late Meeting of Maryland Slaveholders," July 23, 1858
    Thomas Garrett to William Still, August 21, 1858
    New York Herald, “The Presidential Question,” January 24, 1859
    Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, “Another Dred Scott Decision,” June 8, 1859
    New York Times, “The Free Negroes of Maryland,” June 13, 1859
    Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, “New Danger To Douglas,” September 29, 1859
    Carlisle (PA) American Volunteer, "Bleeding Kansas," October 27, 1859
    Carlisle (PA) American Volunteer, "The Underground Railroad," November 3, 1859
    Fayetteville (NC) Observer, "How Shall Brown Be Punished?," November 7, 1859
    New York Herald, “The South and Southern Safety,” December 4, 1859
    John W. Jones to William Still, June 6, 1860
    Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, “An Explanation,” June 28, 1860
    Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, “What the South Really Fears,” July 25, 1860
    Charlestown (VA) Free Press, "Precipitate A Revolution," August 9, 1860
    New York Times, "Politics at the South," August 10, 1860
    William T. Sherman to Ellen Sherman, November 23, 1860
    Charlestown (VA) Free Press, “The Clouds Lowering,” December 27, 1860
    Alexander K. McClure to Abraham Lincoln, January 15, 1861
    Cleveland (OH) Herald, “The Border States,” April 16, 1861
    Entry by George Templeton Strong, April 17, 1861
    Proclamation of the Governor of Maryland, April 18, 1861
    New York Times, “The Position of Maryland,” April 20, 1861
    William Seward to Thomas Hicks, April 22, 1861
    Charleston (SC) Mercury, “Gen. Scott,” April 27, 1861
    Fayetteville (NC) Observer, "Neutrality," May 2, 1861
    New York Times, “Affairs in Maryland,” May 5, 1861
    Savannah (GA) News, “The Civil War in Missouri,” May 17, 1861
    New York Times, “The Bitter Fruits,” June 10, 1861
    Charles B. Calvert to Abraham Lincoln, July 10, 1861
    Ward H. Lamon to Abraham Lincoln, August 23, 1861
    Abraham Lincoln to Orville Hickman Browning, September 22, 1861
    Gen. John Dix to the U.S. Marshals in Maryland, Instructions on the upcoming State Elections, November 1, 1861
    Charleston (SC) Mercury, “Spies and Traitors,” February 15, 1862
    Entry by Cornelia Peake McDonald, October 13, 1862
    New York Herald, “What is the Rebel Army of Virginia About?,” May 31, 1863
    John Wilkes Booth, Diary entry, April 21, 1865, southern Maryland
    How to Cite This Page: "Maryland," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College,