McCulloch, Benjamin

Life Span
to
Full name
Benjamin McCulloch
Place of Birth
Burial Place
Birth Date Certainty
Exact
Death Date Certainty
Exact
Gender
Male
Race
White
Sectional choice
South
Origins
Slave State
No. of Siblings
1
No. of Spouses
0
Family
Alexander McCulloch (father), Frances F. LeNoir McCulloch (mother), Henry Eustace McCulloch (younger brother)
Occupation
Politician
Military
Other
Other Occupation
Texas Ranger, Surveyor
Political Parties
Democratic
Other Affiliations
Fire-Eaters (Secessionists)
Government
Pierce Administration (1853-57)
Buchanan Administration (1857-61)
Local government
Military
US military (Pre-Civil War)
Confederate Army
Foreign military

Benjamin McCulloch (American National Biography)

Scholarship
Following the war he joined the gold rush to California, but like so many others he failed in the quest for great wealth and returned to Texas in 1852. In 1853 President Franklin Pierce appointed him a federal marshal for Texas, a post he held until the spring of 1859. The year before, President James Buchanan had sent him to Utah to assist in settling problems related to the Mormons.

McCulloch achieved his greatest stature as soldier during the Civil War. He supported the secession movement in Texas despite his long association and friendship with Governor Sam Houston, a staunch Unionist. As ranking officer in the soon-to-be Confederate army of Texas, he accepted the surrender of Federal troops in San Antonio in February 1861. The following May, Confederate president Jefferson Davis appointed him brigadier general to command regiments recruited from Texas, Louisiana, and Arkansas. His charge was to defend his base in Arkansas and the Indian Territory to the west and to assist Confederate forces in Missouri as they fought to control that pivotal border state.
Kenneth B. Shover, "McCulloch, Ben," American National Biography Online, February 2000, http://www.anb.org/articles/04/04-00681.html.
How to Cite This Page: "McCulloch, Benjamin," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College, https://hd.housedivided.dickinson.edu/index.php/node/6214.