Clark, Charles

Life Span
to
Full name
Charles Clark
Place of Birth
Birth Date Certainty
Exact
Death Date Certainty
Exact
Gender
Male
Race
White
Sectional choice
South
Origins
Slave State
No. of Siblings
0
No. of Children
0
Education
Other
Other Education
Augusta College, KY
Occupation
Politician
Military
Attorney or Judge
Farmer or Planter
Relation to Slavery
Slaveholder
Political Parties
Democratic
Southern Democratic (1860)
Other Affiliations
Fire-Eaters (Secessionists)
Government
Confederate government (1861-65)
Governor
Military
US military (Pre-Civil War)
Confederate Army

Charles Clark (American National Biography)

Scholarship
[Charles Clark] was appointed Jefferson Davis's replacement as major general of Mississippi state troops and on 22 May 1861 accepted a commission as a brigadier general in the Confederate army. He commanded a division under Albert Sidney Johnston at Shiloh, where he was wounded in the shoulder. He later took part in Breckinridge's, assault on the Union lines at Baton Rouge. Here, in August 1862, a bullet shattered his right thigh, crippling him for the rest of his life. He was taken prisoner and paroled in late 1862.

In October 1863, Clark was elected as Mississippi's second and last Confederate governor. Despite a fiery inaugural speech exhorting his fellow Mississippians never to yield, Clark lacked the financial and political resources to shore up the crumbling war effort. Vicksburg and its surrounding plantation districts and Jackson, the state capital, had already been lost to Union forces, and the state government had to relocate to Macon. Clark's efforts to reorganize state forces for defensive purposes were hamstrung by a bankrupt treasury and the breakdown of political control throughout much of the state. His relations with the Confederate government in Richmond quickly became entangled in a controversy over Confederate policies of impressing slaves and suspending the writ of habeas corpus. By late 1864 Clark was a caretaker for a state government whose authority had collapsed, and on 22 May 1865 he formally surrendered the state to Union forces.
William L. Barney, "Clark, Charles," American National Biography Online, February 2000, http://www.anb.org/articles/04/04-00234.html.
How to Cite This Page: "Clark, Charles," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College, http://hd.housedivided.dickinson.edu/node/12322.