Cincinnati, OH

Cincinnati, O. City, port of entry, and seat of justice of Hamilton co. Situated in the southwestern part of the state, on the N. side of the Ohio River, opposite to the mouth of Licking River, which comes inhere from Kentucky. It is 116 miles S. W. from Columbus, the capital of the state, and 494 above the mouth of the Ohio. The rapid growth of Cincinnati has been remarkable. The population in 1800 was 750; in 1810, 2540; in 1820, 9642; in 1830, 24,831; in 1840, 46,338; in 1850, 115,338. (Gazetteer of the United States of America, 1854)

Place Unit Type
City or Town
Containing Unit
Date Type
"Peep Show" machine patented in Cincinnati, Ohio Science/Technology
A July heatwave continues across the eastern United States Science/Technology
A massive fire in Cincinnati, Ohio destroys the famous 1859 Pike's Opera House and other buildings Crime/Disasters
- A Military Commission tries Clement Vallandigham in Cincinnati for "disloyal sentiments and opinions" Lawmaking/Litigating
Baggage master killed in the wreck of a Michigan Central passenger train near Chicago Crime/Disasters
Catholic Bishop accosted and wounded by highwaymen near Cincinnati, Ohio Crime/Disasters
Cincinnati city solicitor Rutherford B. Hayes and his wife set out on a tour of the East Education/Culture
Congressman Clement Vallandigham applies for a writ of "Habeus Corpus" in a Cincinnati court Lawmaking/Litigating
Congressman Clement Vallandigham denied a writ of "Habeas Corpus" in a Cincinnati court Lawmaking/Litigating
Earthquake shakes Virginia, North Carolina, and Ohio Crime/Disasters
Emerson Conway, second son of Moncure Conway, is born in Cincinnati, Ohio Personal
Entire legislatures of Kentucky and Tennessee gather in Louisville, Kentucky Business/Industry
Entire legislatures of Kentucky and Tennessee leave Louisville, Kentucky for Cincinatti, Ohio Lawmaking/Litigating
Eustace Conway, first son of Moncure Conway, is born in Cincinnati, Ohio Personal
Famous trotting horse Flora Temple breaks world record for the mile in Kalamazoo, Michigan Education/Culture
In Atlanta, the purpose-built Storrs School for Freedmen is dedicated. Education/Culture
In Boone County, Kentucky, white "rangers" beat a freed slave and force him and his family to leave Crime/Disasters
In Cincinnati District Court, Justice Swayne quashes an indictment for treason on constitutional grounds Lawmaking/Litigating
In Cincinnati, Ohio, 33 year old Lucy Hobbs becomes the first woman to earn a doctorate in dentistry Education/Culture
In Cincinnati, the United States Mail Steamboat Company replaces the tubular boilers on its new boat Business/Industry
In Cincinnati, Wendell Phillips is forced from the stage as he attempts agitate for abolition and disunion Campaigns/Elections
In Ohio, a Cincinnati mob attempts the lynching of the killers of two city policemen Crime/Disasters
In Ohio, a late night fire destroys the Cincinnati Academy of Music. Crime/Disasters
In Ohio, Associate Justice John McLean of the U.S. Supreme Court dies at his home in Cincinnati Lawmaking/Litigating
In Ohio, two Cincinnati policemen stabbed to death in a city house of prostitution Crime/Disasters
In Santa Fe, New Mexico Chief Justice John P. Slough dies two days after his wounding by a political rival. Crime/Disasters
In the early morning hours, soldiers arrest Ohio Congressman C. L. Vallandigham at his home in Dayton Campaigns/Elections
Large and angry crowds gather in Cincinnati, Ohio to protest the arrest of Congressman Vallandigham Campaigns/Elections
Moncure Conway marries Ellen Dana in Cincinnati, Ohio Personal
- Moncure Conway returns to America to conduct a lecture tour Personal
- Moncure Conway serves as minister at Unitarian Church in Cincinnati, Ohio Personal
New Mexico Chief Justice John P. Slough is shot and fatally wounded, in Santa Fe. Crime/Disasters
Official figures state cholera epidemic raging across the country has killed more than 10,000. Crime/Disasters
- On his American tour, Prince Albert is in Cincinnati, Ohio US/the World
On the Mississippi, a steamboat explosion kills up to ten people, including Ohio infantrymen heading home Crime/Disasters
President Lincoln banishes Congressman Clement Vallandigham to the Confederacy Lawmaking/Litigating
President-Elect Abraham Lincoln visits Columbus, Ohio on his eleven-day pre-inaugural journey Campaigns/Elections
- Sixth National Women's Rights Convention held in Cincinnati, Ohio Legal/Political
The annual North American festival of German-American "Turner" clubs is held in Cincinnati, Ohio Education/Culture
The eighth annual United States Agricultural Society Fair opens in Cincinnati, Ohio Business/Industry
The Great Western Sanitary Fair opens in Cincinnati, Ohio Campaigns/Elections
- The legislatures of Kentucky and Tennessee are hosted lavishly in Cincinatti, Ohio Business/Industry
The legislatures of Ohio, Kentucky and Tennessee meet in convention in Columbus, Ohio Business/Industry
The National Teachers' Association holds its first convention Education/Culture
The new record-breaking suspension bridge across the Ohio between Cincinnati and Covington officially opens. Science/Technology
- The Prince of Wales resumes his American tour, visiting St. Louis, Missouri US/the World
- The Prince of Wales visits Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania US/the World
Thirteen men die in collapse during demolition of a Catholic church in Cincinnati Crime/Disasters
Tornadoes in the Ohio Valley cause massive damage and kill more than one hundred and fifty Crime/Disasters
Residents in 1860
Name Type
Spring Grove Cemetery, Cincinnati, OH Location or Site
Date Title
Seth Concklin to William Still, February 3, 1851
Seth Concklin to William Still, February 18, 1851
N. R. Johnston to William Still, March 31, 1851
Levi Coffin to William Still, April 10, 1851
Levi Coffin to William Still, May 11, 1851
B. McKiernon to William Still, August 6, 1851
William Still to B. McKiernon, August 16, 1851
New York Times, "The Nebraska Bill in Indiana," June 16, 1854
Memphis (TN) Appeal, "An Abolitionist in Trouble," July 20, 1854
Louisville (KY) Journal, "Escape of Slaves," April 20, 1855
Fayetteville (NC) Observer,“Senator Douglas and the Presidency,” December 24, 1855
Frances Watkins Harper to William Still, March 31, 1856
New York Times, “Explosion of a Locomotive,” January 2, 1857
New York Times, "The American Party," March 3, 1857
New York Times, “The Ohio Legislature and the Slavery Question,” April 22, 1857
New York Times, “Great Excitement in Ohio,” May 30, 1857
New York Herald, “The Late Abolition Revolutionary Proceedings in Ohio,” May 31, 1857
Richmond (VA) Dispatch, “Excitement in Ohio,” June 1, 1857
New York Times, "Fugitive Slaves Arrested in Cincinnati," June 15, 1857
Washington (DC) National Era, "The Administration," June 25, 1857
New York Times, “Where is the South?,” July 11, 1857
Washington (DC) National Era, “Inconsistency,” October 1, 1857
New York Times, “The Fall Elections,” October 17, 1857
New York Herald, "The Approaching Conclusion of the Kansas Comedy," January 27, 1858
Raleigh (NC) Register, “The Northern Democracy Split to Pieces,” June 23, 1858
St. Louis (MO) Republican, “Let the Jubilee be General,” August 29, 1858
New Orleans (LA) Picayune, “Quick,” January 2, 1859
New York Times, "A Phase of Slavery," January 13, 1859
New York Herald, "A Kentucky Planter Selling His Daughter," January 14, 1859
Boston (MA) Liberator, "Letters from Friends of the Cause," February 18, 1859
Charleston (SC) Mercury, “Br. [Mr.] Buchanan and the Democratic Party,” March 7, 1859
Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, “The Beginning of the Presidential Campaign,” April 7, 1859
Charleston (SC) Mercury, "Correspondence of the Mercury," April 15, 1859
New York Times, “When Did He Die?,” May 11, 1859
Peter Zinn to Abraham Lincoln, September 2, 1859
Abraham Lincoln to Peter Zinn, September 6, 1859
Joseph Medill to Abraham Lincoln, September 10, 1859
Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, “Abr. Lincoln,” September 14, 1859
Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, “Mr. Lincoln in Ohio,” September 19, 1859
Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, “Lincoln on Douglas,” September 21, 1859
Abraham Lincoln to Thomas Corwin, October 9, 1859
Carlisle (PA) American Volunteer, “The Harper’s Ferry Insurgents,” March 15, 1860
New York Times, "Democratic National Convention," March 17, 1860
New York Herald, "A Mishap on the Underground Railroad," April 21, 1860
New York Times, “The Charleston Convention,” April 24, 1860
New York Times, “The Charleston Convention,” May 1, 1860
New York Herald, “The Reception of the Nomination of Douglas,” June 24, 1860
Boston (MA) Liberator, “Piracy in Cincinnati,” July 22, 1860
Ripley (OH) Bee, "The Disunion Slave Code Candidate," October 4, 1860
New York Herald, “Disturbance at a Breckinridge Barbecue in Kentucky,” October 14, 1860
Abraham Lincoln to Henry J. Raymond, December 18, 1860
Cleveland (OH) Herald, “President Lincoln’s Car,” February 11, 1861
Louisville (KY) Journal, “Mr. Lincoln’s Speeches,” February 14, 1861
Boston (MA) Liberator, “An Ancient and A Modern Compromise,” April 19, 1861
Robert Anderson to Abraham Lincoln, May 19, 1861
New York Times, “Famine Among the Confederates,” June 20, 1861
(Concord) New Hampshire Statesman, “Andrew Johnson,” July 6, 1861
New York Herald, “Demand for the Release of Hon. Clement L. Vallandigham,” May 24, 1863
Abraham Lincoln, Speech at Great Central Sanitary Fair, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, June 16, 1864
Otto C. Bardon, Reminiscences of the Sultana Disaster, April 27, 1865
"Moncure Daniel Conway," Harper's Magazine, September 25, 1875.
How to Cite This Page: "Cincinnati, OH," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College, http://hd.housedivided.dickinson.edu/node/9217.