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South Carolina secedes from the Union and declares itself "an independent commonweath"

St. Andrew's Hall, Charleston, South Carolina, 1860, artist's impression
12/20/1860
At around one o'clock in the afternoon, John A. Inglis, chair of the committee charged with drafting a document of secession, rose to present a brief one paragraph "Ordinance" for a vote.  The vote was taken immediately with a result of 169 for and none against.  At seven that evening, in the South Carolina Institute Hall, the ordinance was signed by all delegates and delivered to the Governor, who declared around nine o'clock South Carolina to be "an independent commonwealth."  (By John Osborne) 
Source Citation: 
Maury Klein, Days of Defiance: Sumter, Secession, and the Coming of the Civil War (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1997), 145-146.
Samuel Wylie Crawford, The Genesis of the Civil War: The Story of Sumter, 1860-1861 (New York: Charles L. Webster and Company, 1887), 53-55.
How to Cite This Page: "South Carolina secedes from the Union and declares itself "an independent commonweath"," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College, http://hd.housedivided.dickinson.edu/node/18011.