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Former California Supreme Court Judge Terry shoots California Senator Broderick in a duel over slavery in the state

David Colbreth Broderick, detail
David S. Terry, recently defeated for re-election as Chief Justice of California, fought a duel with fellow Democrat David C. Broderick just outside San Francisco. Terry had argued with the sitting U.S. Senator, who had opposed him in the election due to his views on extending slavery to California, and the exchanges had escalated into an exchange of pistol fire in which Broderick was wounded. Shot through the right lung, Broderick died of his wound three days later. (By John Osborne)
Source Citation: 
Jeremiah Lynch, A Senator of the Fifties: David C. Broderick of California (San Francisco: A.M. Robertson, 1911), 220-223.