Spain delivers a final ultimatum to Morocco threatening war if concessions are not made
The Spanish Government had for several months complained about Moroccan based piracy and hostility to the Spanish enclave of Ceuta on the Moroccan coast. Two ultimatums had been sent demanding redress and territorial concessions but both had been rejected. A third was delivered on October 15, 1859 and two days later answered in the negative. The Spanish had been preparing an expedition against Morocco for some time and were probably already decided upon the six month war that began soon after. (By John Osborne)
The American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge (Boston: Crosby, Nichols, Lee and Company, 1861), 404.