The provinces of Romagna, Emilia, and Tuscany began voting March 11, 1860 on a plebiscite over the question whether the area, which included the Duchies of Modena and Palma, should unite in a separate kingdom or request annexation the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia. Voting lasted for a week with the overwhelming results - 202,659 to 254 in Romagna - favoring annexation and the obvious progress towards a united Italy. (By John Osborne)
Joseph Irving, The Annals of Our Times .... (London: MacMillan and Company, 1869), 412.
The American Almanac and Repository of Useful Knowledge for the Year 1861 (Boston: Crosby, Nichols, Lee and Company, 1860), 408