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Thousands of cavalrymen clash at Brandy Station, Virginia, in the largest cavalry battle of the war

Civil War Battle, iconic image
06/09/1863
Ordered to disrupt Confederate plans for an anticipated offensive, General Alfred Pleasonton led the Army of the Potomac's cavalry corps in a two pronged attack across the Rapphannock River in the early morning hours.  General J.E. B. Stuart's cavalry was taken unawares and a massive mounted action ensued with around 20,000 horsemen involved in close combat with sabre and pistol.  After a ten hours of fighting, Pleasonton's troopers broke off and recrossed the river, ending the largest cavalry battle ever fought in North America.  (By John Osborne) 
Source Citation: 
 Eric J. Wittenberg, The Battle of Brandy Station: North America's Largest Cavalry Battle (Charleston, SC: The History Press, 2010), 75-188.