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South Carolina's political leadership meets to decide on secession should Lincoln win the presidency

James Henry Hammond, detail
Two weeks before the election that Abraham Lincoln seemed certain to win, U.S. Senator James H. Hammond of South Carolina hosted a high level meeting of political leaders of his state at his home near Augusta.  Present were the sitting governor, the former governor, and all of the U.S. Congressional delegation but one, excused for illness.  They determined that South Carolina secede from the Union in the event of Republican victory.  (By John Osborne)
Source Citation: 
Samuel Wylie Crawford, The Genesis of the Civil War: The Story of Sumter, 1860-1861 (New York: Charles L. Webster and Company, 1887), 14.