Major Robert Anderson, a fifty-five year old Kentucky-born artilleryman and former slaveowner, was assigned to replace the long-serving Bostonian Lieutenant Colonel John L. Gardner as commander of Fort Moultrie near Charleston, South Carolina. Secretary of War John B. Floyd saw Anderson as a cooler head for the tense relations between federal and state authorities in Charleston and as a conciliatory appointment at the time. (By John Osborne)
The American Annual Cyclopedia and Register of Important Events of the Year 1861 (New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1864), 315.
Samuel W. Crawford, The History of the Fall of Fort Sumter: Being an Inside History of the Affairs in South Carolina and Washington, 1860-61 , (Whitefish, MT: Kessinger Publishing, 2006), 59.