South Carolina redefines treason, to be punished with "death without benefit of clergy"
With excitement mounting in Charleston, the South Carolina Convention passed an ordinance additionally defining treason against the state as "levying war against the State, adhering to its enemies and giving them aid and comfort." Punishment was ordained as "death without benefit of clergy." (By John Osborne)
"Diary of Events," in Frank Moore, The Rebellion Record: A Diary of American Events, with Documents, Narratives, Illustrative Incidents, Poetry, Etc.(New York: G.P.Putnam, 1861), I: 9.