The U. S. Senate votes thirty-six to sixteen to admit free Kansas as the 34th state of the Union
With eight southern senators withdrawn and no longer able to block the measure, the United States Senate passed the bill to admit Kansas as a free state under the Wyandotte Constitution by a vote of thirty-six to sixteen. President Buchanan signed the bill the following day. (By John Osborne)
Francis H. Heller, The Kansas State Constitution: A Reference Guide (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 9.