Alabama left the Union when its Secession Convention passed its ordinance in the early afternoon at Montgomery by a vote of 61 to 39. Citing the republicans as "a sectional party, avowedly hostile to the domestic institutions, and peace and and security of the people of the State of Alabama," the legislation also invited "the slaveholding states of the South" to meet in Montgomery on February 4, 1861 to form a confederated government. (By John Osborne)
"The Alabama Ordinance of Secession," in Frank Moore, The Rebellion Record: A Diary of American Events, with Documents, Narratives, Illustrative Incidents, Poetry, Etc. (New York: G.P.Putnam, 1861), I: 19.