General Daniel Twiggs surrenders all U.S. Army units and installations to Texas state troops
General Daniel Twiggs was the elderly Georgian in command of the Department of Texas, containing fifteen percent of the active U.S. Army in dozens of scattered installations. Following the Ordinance of Secession, Texas officials began to negotiate the takeover of those posts with Twiggs. With a combination of willingness, threat from a force of Texas Rangers and private citizens, and a reluctance to cause bloodshed, Twiggs surrendered in San Antonio all the posts in Texas. Loyal troops were in no position to resist and units marched to the coast for evacuation. (By John Osborne)
Caroline Baldwin Darrow, "Recollections of the Twiggs Surrender," in Robert Underwood Johnson, Clarence Clough Buel, Century Company, Battles and Leaders of the Civil War ... (New York: The Century Company, 1887), 33-39.