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Britain and France declare by treaty that Zanzibar in East Africa is separate and independent from Oman

Africa, 1857, zoomable map
In order to calm disputes on the east coast of Africa between Oman and Zanzibar that threatened to disrupt the region, Britain and France competed a treaty agreement that declared Zanzibar a sovereign nation, under the rule of Sultan Majid, seperate from Oman but with a reinstatement of the annual tribute from Zanzibar to its more powerful neighbor. (By John Osborne)  
Source Citation: 
Chris McIntyre, Susan McIntyre, Zanzibar (Guilford, CT: The Globe Pequot Press, 2009), 16.