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Britain and France declare by treaty that Zanzibar in East Africa is separate and independent from Oman

Africa, 1857, zoomable map
03/10/1862
In order to calm disputes on the east coast of Africa between Oman and Zanzibar that threatened to disrupt the region, Britain and France competed a treaty agreement that declared Zanzibar a sovereign nation, under the rule of Sultan Majid, seperate from Oman but with a reinstatement of the annual tribute from Zanzibar to its more powerful neighbor. (By John Osborne)  
Source Citation: 
Chris McIntyre, Susan McIntyre, Zanzibar (Guilford, CT: The Globe Pequot Press, 2009), 16.

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