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A Military Commission tries Clement Vallandigham in Cincinnati for "disloyal sentiments and opinions"

Clement Laird Vallandigham, detail
05/06/1863 to 05/07/1863
At a massive Democratic meeting the week before, Congressman Clement Vallandigham had railed against the war and President Lincoln in deliberate contravention of Army Order Number 38 that banned such anti-administration comments. Arrested and held in the Cincinnati jail, Vallandigham was brought before a Military Commission chaired by General Robert B. Potter.  After a two-day trial and the rejection of a request for habeas corpus, the Democratic congressman was sentenced to "close confinement" for the duration of the war. (By John Osborne)
Source Citation: 
The Trial of Hon. Clement L. Vallandigham: By a Military Commission: and the Proceedings Under His Application for a Writ of Habeas Corpus in the Circuit Court of the United States for the Southern District of Ohio (Cincinnati, OH: Rickey and Carroll, 1863), 11-33.
Geoffrey R. Stone, Perilous Times: Free Speech in Wartime: From the Sedition Act of 1798 to the War on Terrorism (New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2004), 101.