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At Sand Creek in Colorado, territorial volunteers attack encamped Cheyenne and Arapaho, killing hundreds

Kansas, Nebraska, and Colorado, 1861, zoomable map
11/29/1864
Some of the Cheyenne and Arapaho tribes had been carrying out sporadic guerilla warfare in the Colorado Territory but had decided to make peace. A large group under Black Kettle had gathered for that purpose at Sand Creek.  There they were unexpectedly attacked by Colorado militia under Colonel John Chivington.  Outnumbered, they suffered a seven hour massacre during which hundreds of Native Americans were ruthlessly killed, mostly women and children. The militia lost eight dead.  (By John Osborne)
Source Citation: 
Robert Scott, Blood at Sand Creek: The Massacre Revisited (Caldwell, ID: Caxton Press, 1994), 144-150. 

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