General Sherman had begun negotiating with Confederate Army of Tennessee commander General Joseph E. Johnston over the possible surrender of all Confederate troops in North Carolina and Tennessee, a still sizable and dangerous force. A ceasefire was put in place and the two sides produced a possible set of terms for surrender. The terms in the document were shockingly lenient towards the Confederates, especially in light of the recent assassination of President Lincoln. The terms did include the caveat that they would only be put in place with the consent of higher parties but the over-eager Sherman had made a serious mistake in including far-reaching policies that could lead to a Confederate resurgence. The situation grew much worse when the "Memorandum" was published, to widespread condemnation in the North. Sherman was forced to repudiate the document and Johnston and his army surrendered on April 25, 1865 on the same terms under which General Robert E. Lee had capitulated in Virginia less than three weeks before. (By John Osborne)
Basis of Agreement for the surrender of the Confederate Army of the Tennessee
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