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General W.T. Sherman, negotiating Confederate surrender in North Carolina, makes a political blunder

William Tecumseh Sherman, detail
04/18/1865
General Sherman had been negotiating in Orange County with Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston for the surrender of the Army of Tennessee.  The meetings produced a "Basis for Agreement" with seven conditions that were astonishingly lenient to the former rebels and even laid open a possible Confederate resurgence.  Outcry in the North was pronounced and Sherman was forced to repudiate the document.  Johnston surrendered the following week under the same terms offered Robert E. Lee in Virginia three weeks before. (By John Osborne)  
Source Citation: 
Benson J. Lossing, The Pictorial History of the Civil War in the United States of America (Hartford, CT:: T. Belknap, 1868), III: 574-575.