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Andrew Johnson, Proclamation announcing that the Rebellion has ended, April 2, 1866

Andrew Johnson, detail
President Johnson's proclamation caused some confusion and controversy, coming as it did when relations between Johnson and the United States Congress were deteriorating rapidly. In his proclamation he had used the earlier words of both the House and the Senate to justify his action to accelerate the reunification of the United States and the Congressional representation of the former rebellious states. In the areas of the South where martial law still was in effect and the actions of the Freedmens' Bureau sought to protect former slaves, both newly restored Southern politicians and local Union commanders interpreted the proclamation in various ways, prompting hasty clarifications from both the President's office and the War Department. (By John Osborne)

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How to Cite This Page: "Andrew Johnson, Proclamation announcing that the Rebellion has ended, April 2, 1866," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College, http://hd.housedivided.dickinson.edu/node/45327.