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Two more African-American regiments, the soon to be famous Ninth and Tenth Cavalry, come into being

Men of Company E, 4th U.S. Colored Infantry, at Fort Lincoln, District of Columbia, 1865

Under the reorganization of the post-war U.S. Army, two regiments of African-American Cavalry had been authorized and on this day the 9th and 10th U.S. Cavalry regiments came into being.  The Ninth was organized in Louisiana under Colonel Edward Hatch and the Tenth at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, under Colonel Benjamin Grierson.  All enlisted men were black and all officers were white.  The two regiments served through the Indian Wars, gaining the nickname "Buffalo Soldiers," and also fought in Cuba during the Spanish-American War.  (By John Osborne) 

Source Citation: 

Spencer Tucker, Almanac of American Military History (Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO, 2013), II: 1046.