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In Nebraska Territory, John Taffe is elected to become the first U.S. Representative from the new state.

Nebraska, 1861, zoomable map

The Nebraska Territory was on the verge of becoming the thirty-seventh state of the Union and elections were held for its first representative to the United States Congress.  Republican Union Army veteran John Taffe was elected in a relatively close election by 4,820 votes to 4,072.  Nebraska became a state, over President Johnson's veto, on February 9, 1867, and Taffe was duly seated as a full member.  He served in the next three Congresses, retiring in March 1873.  (By John Osborne) 

Source Citation: 

"Territories of the United States," The American Cyclopedia and Register of Important Events of the Year 1866 (New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1873), 736.