Jackson, Claiborne Fox

Life Span
to
Full name
Claiborne Fox Jackson
Place of Birth
Burial Place
Birth Date Certainty
Exact
Death Date Certainty
Exact
Gender
Male
Race
White
Sectional choice
South
Origins
Slave State
No. of Spouses
3
No. of Children
6
Family
Dempsey Carroll Jackson (father), Mary Orea Pickett Jackson (mother), Jane Breathitt Sappington (first wife, 1831), Louisa Catherine Sappington (second wife, 1833), Eliza W. Sappington Pearson (third wife, 1838)
Occupation
Politician
Military
Attorney or Judge
Political Parties
Democratic
Government
Governor
State legislature
Military
US military (Pre-Civil War)

Claiborne Fox Jackson (American National Biography)

Scholarship
In the aftermath of Abraham Lincoln's election, Jackson made it clear at his own inauguration that he strongly supported the southern states in their quarrel with the Union. While not calling for secession, Jackson advocated the convening of a state convention to resolve that issue. He also asked the legislature to provide for the reorganization of the militia to put the state on a war footing. The legislature agreed with the former proposal but stalled on the militia issue. When the convention met, it voted against secession, but Jackson still favored a prosouthern neutrality. When Lincoln called on him for volunteers after the firing on Fort Sumter, Jackson refused to furnish them, denouncing the request as "illegal, unconstitutional, and revolutionary." He secretly sought arms from the Confederacy while providing for militia encampments throughout the state, including one at St. Louis. The latter encampment, known as Camp Jackson, was surrounded by Union troops under General Nathaniel Lyon on 10 May [1861] on the grounds that it was pro-Confederate and forced to surrender.
William E. Parrish, "Jackson, Claiborne Fox," American National Biography Online, February 2000, http://www.anb.org/articles/04/04-00551.html.
Chicago Style Entry Link
Phillips, Christopher. Missouri's Confederate: Claiborne Fox Jackson and the Creation of Southern Identify in the Border West. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2000. view record
How to Cite This Page: "Jackson, Claiborne Fox," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College, http://hd.housedivided.dickinson.edu/node/5962.