Chase, Salmon Portland

Life Span
    Full name
    Salmon Portland Chase
    Place of Birth
    Birth Date Certainty
    Death Date Certainty
    Sectional choice
    Free State
    Other Education
    Dartmouth College, NH
    Attorney or Judge
    Political Parties
    Free Soil
    Other Political Party
    Free Soil Democrat
    Lincoln Administration (1861-65)
    Supreme Court
    US Senate
    Local government

    Salmon Portland Chase (Congressional Biographical Directory)

    CHASE, Salmon Portland,  (nephew of Dudley Chase, cousin of Dudley Chase Denison, and father-in-law of William Sprague [1830-1915]), a Senator from Ohio; born in Cornish, N.H., January 13, 1808; attended schools at Windsor, Vermont, Worthington, Ohio, and the Cincinnati (Ohio) College; graduated from Dartmouth College, Hanover, N.H., in 1826; taught school; studied law in Washington, D.C.; admitted to the bar in 1829; commenced practice in Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1830; elected as a Whig to the Cincinnati City Council in 1840; identified himself in 1841 with the Liberty Party, and later with the Free Soil Party; elected to the United States Senate as a Free Soil candidate and served from March 4, 1849, to March 3, 1855; elected Governor of Ohio in 1855 as a Free Soil Democrat and reelected in 1857 as a Republican; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1860; took his seat March 4, 1861, but resigned two days later to become Secretary of the Treasury under President Abraham Lincoln; served as Secretary of the Treasury until July 1864, when he resigned; member of the peace convention of 1861 held in Washington, D.C., in an effort to devise means to prevent the impending war; Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court from December 1864 until his death on May 7, 1873; presided at the impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson in 1868; died in New York City; interment in Oak Hill Cemetery, Washington, D.C.; reinterment in Spring Grove Cemetery, Cincinnati, Ohio.
    “Chase, Salmon Portland,” Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774 to Present,
    Date Event
    Amid great ceremony, the cornerstone is laid for the National Monument at Plymouth Rock
    Governor Chase of Ohio responds to Virginia Governor Wise's accusations against his northern neighbors
    Republican Salmon P. Chase elected as Senator from Ohio
    Ohio Republicans meet in Columbus and select Senator Chase as their choice for President
    Abraham Lincoln secretly heads directly to Washington arriving in the early morning hours
    The U.S. Senate, sitting in extraordinary session, confirms all of President Lincoln's cabinet choices
    Banks in New York City, Boston, and Philadelphia suspend payment in gold and silver
    Moncure Conway liberates his father's slaves
    Senatorial caucus meets to discuss Cabinet crisis
    The controversial "Pomeroy Circular"advocating Abraham Lincoln's replacement begins to appear
    Salmon P. Chase resigns as Secretary of the Treasury
    In Maryland, Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney dies in office
    Vice-President Andrew Johnson takes the oath as seventeenth President of the United States
    The Radical Republican former Congressman Henry Winter Davis is buried in Baltimore, Maryland
    The U.S. Supreme Court decides "Ex Parte Milligan" in favor of the plaintiffs and orders them released
    In Columbus, Ohio, Lambdin P. Milligan walks free after almost two years in prison
    The U.S. Supreme Court rejects Mississippi's challenge to the Military Reconstruction Acts.
    The U.S. Supreme Court rejects Georgia's challenge to the Military Reconstruction Acts.
    Date Title
    Abraham Lincoln to Lyman Trumbull, June 7, 1856
    New York Times, “Woman’s Rights,” March 27, 1857
    New York Herald, “Douglas for the Presidency,” November 7, 1858
    Recollection of Jesse W. Fell, Conversation with Abraham Lincoln in early 1859
    Fayetteville (NC) Observer, “Respect for Law,” May 30, 1859
    Cleveland (OH) Herald, “The Glorious Fourth!,” June 28, 1859
    Abraham Lincoln to Samuel Galloway, July 28, 1859
    Joshua Reed Giddings to Abraham Lincoln, September 12, 1859
    Fayetteville (NC) Observer, "Good Out of Evil," October 27, 1859
    Baltimore (MD) Sun, "More Harper's Ferry Disclosures," October 28, 1859
    Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, "They Have Overdone It!," November 2, 1859
    Fayetteville (NC) Observer, "The Devil Not As Black As He Is Painted," November 24, 1859
    Newark (OH) Advocate, “Mr. Douglas and the Presidency,” December 23, 1859
    Newark (OH) Advocate, “The Chicago Convention,” March 2, 1860
    James A. Briggs to Salmon Portland Chase, March 17, 1860
    Abraham Lincoln to Samuel Galloway, March 24, 1860
    Newark (OH) Advocate, “‘Old Judge McLean’,” April 27, 1860
    Newark (OH) Advocate, “Lincoln and Hamlin,” May 25, 1860
    Newark (OH) Advocate, “Abraham Lincoln,” June 1, 1860
    New York Herald, “Commencement of Republican Cabinet Making,” June 12, 1860
    Abraham Lincoln to Henry J. Raymond, December 18, 1860
    Charleston (SC) Mercury, "Republican Opposition to a Compromise," December 27, 1860
    Newark (OH) Advocate, “Obtaining Votes Under False Pretences,” January 18, 1861
    New York Herald, “Should Mr. Chase Go Into the Cabinet?,” February 27, 1861
    New York Times, “Negro Regiments to be Raised,” April 1, 1861
    Alexander Galt to Amy Galt, Washington DC, December 5, 1861
    Abraham Lincoln to Arnold Fischel, December 14, 1861
    Abraham Lincoln, Speech to Indians, March 27, 1863
    Stephen Duncan to Mary Duncan, August 25, 1863, Natchez, Mississippi.
    Maunsell Bradhurst Field to Editor New York Times, Letter accounting the Passing of President Abraham Lincoln, April 16, 1865
    George Alfred Townsend, "The Obsequies in Washington," April 19, 1865
    Chicago Style Entry Link
    Blue, Frederick J.Salmon P. Chase: A Life in Politics. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1987. view record
    Crofts, Daniel W. "A Reluctant Unionist: John A. Gilmer and Lincoln's Cabinet." Civil War History 24, no. 3 (1978): 225-249. view record
    Donald, David, ed. Inside Lincoln’s Cabinet: The Civil War Diaries of Salmon P. Chase. New York: Longmans Green and Co., 1954. view record
    Gienapp, William E. “Salmon P. Chase, Nativism, and the Formation of the Republican Party in Ohio.” Ohio History 93 (Winter-Spring 1984): 5-39. view record
    Luthin, Reinhard H. "Salmon P. Chase's Political Career before the Civil War." Mississippi Valley Historical Review 29, no. 4 (1943): 517-540. view record
    Maizlish, Stephen E. “Salmon P. Chase: The Roots of Ambition and the Origins of Reform.” Journal of the Early Republic 18, no. 1 (1998): 47-70. view record
    McClure, James P., Leigh Johnsen, Kathleen Norman, and Michael Vanderlan. "Circumventing the Dred Scott Decision: Edward Bates, Salmon P. Chase, and the Citizenship of African Americans." Civil War History 43 (1997): 279-309. view record
    Middleton, Stephen. Ohio and the Antislavery Activities of Attorney Salmon Portland Chase, 1830-1849. New York: Garland Publishing, 1990. view record
    Niven, John. Salmon P. Chase: A Biography. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995. view record
    Warden, Robert Bruce. An Account of the Private Life and Public Services of Salmon Portland Chase. Cincinnati: Wilstach, Baldwin & Co., 1874. view record
    How to Cite This Page: "Chase, Salmon Portland," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College,