Chase, Salmon Portland

Life Span
Full name
Salmon Portland Chase
Place of Birth
Birth Date Certainty
Death Date Certainty
Sectional choice
Free State
Other Education
Dartmouth College, NH
Attorney or Judge
Political Parties
Free Soil
Other Political Party
Free Soil Democrat
Lincoln Administration (1861-65)
Supreme Court
US Senate
Local government

Salmon Portland Chase (Congressional Biographical Directory)

CHASE, Salmon Portland,  (nephew of Dudley Chase, cousin of Dudley Chase Denison, and father-in-law of William Sprague [1830-1915]), a Senator from Ohio; born in Cornish, N.H., January 13, 1808; attended schools at Windsor, Vermont, Worthington, Ohio, and the Cincinnati (Ohio) College; graduated from Dartmouth College, Hanover, N.H., in 1826; taught school; studied law in Washington, D.C.; admitted to the bar in 1829; commenced practice in Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1830; elected as a Whig to the Cincinnati City Council in 1840; identified himself in 1841 with the Liberty Party, and later with the Free Soil Party; elected to the United States Senate as a Free Soil candidate and served from March 4, 1849, to March 3, 1855; elected Governor of Ohio in 1855 as a Free Soil Democrat and reelected in 1857 as a Republican; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1860; took his seat March 4, 1861, but resigned two days later to become Secretary of the Treasury under President Abraham Lincoln; served as Secretary of the Treasury until July 1864, when he resigned; member of the peace convention of 1861 held in Washington, D.C., in an effort to devise means to prevent the impending war; Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court from December 1864 until his death on May 7, 1873; presided at the impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson in 1868; died in New York City; interment in Oak Hill Cemetery, Washington, D.C.; reinterment in Spring Grove Cemetery, Cincinnati, Ohio.
“Chase, Salmon Portland,” Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774 to Present,
Date Event
Amid great ceremony, the cornerstone is laid for the National Monument at Plymouth Rock
Governor Chase of Ohio responds to Virginia Governor Wise's accusations against his northern neighbors
Republican Salmon P. Chase elected as Senator from Ohio
Ohio Republicans meet in Columbus and select Senator Chase as their choice for President
Abraham Lincoln secretly heads directly to Washington arriving in the early morning hours
The U.S. Senate, sitting in extraordinary session, confirms all of President Lincoln's cabinet choices
Banks in New York City, Boston, and Philadelphia suspend payment in gold and silver
Moncure Conway liberates his father's slaves
Senatorial caucus meets to discuss Cabinet crisis
The controversial "Pomeroy Circular"advocating Abraham Lincoln's replacement begins to appear
Salmon P. Chase resigns as Secretary of the Treasury
In Maryland, Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney dies in office
Vice-President Andrew Johnson takes the oath as seventeenth President of the United States
The Radical Republican former Congressman Henry Winter Davis is buried in Baltimore, Maryland
The U.S. Supreme Court decides "Ex Parte Milligan" in favor of the plaintiffs and orders them released
In Columbus, Ohio, Lambdin P. Milligan walks free after almost two years in prison
The U.S. Supreme Court rejects Mississippi's challenge to the Military Reconstruction Acts.
The U.S. Supreme Court rejects Georgia's challenge to the Military Reconstruction Acts.
Date Title
Abraham Lincoln to Lyman Trumbull, June 7, 1856
New York Times, “Woman’s Rights,” March 27, 1857
New York Herald, “Douglas for the Presidency,” November 7, 1858
Recollection of Jesse W. Fell, Conversation with Abraham Lincoln in early 1859
Fayetteville (NC) Observer, “Respect for Law,” May 30, 1859
Cleveland (OH) Herald, “The Glorious Fourth!,” June 28, 1859
Abraham Lincoln to Samuel Galloway, July 28, 1859
Joshua Reed Giddings to Abraham Lincoln, September 12, 1859
Fayetteville (NC) Observer, "Good Out of Evil," October 27, 1859
Baltimore (MD) Sun, "More Harper's Ferry Disclosures," October 28, 1859
Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, "They Have Overdone It!," November 2, 1859
Fayetteville (NC) Observer, "The Devil Not As Black As He Is Painted," November 24, 1859
Newark (OH) Advocate, “Mr. Douglas and the Presidency,” December 23, 1859
Newark (OH) Advocate, “The Chicago Convention,” March 2, 1860
James A. Briggs to Salmon Portland Chase, March 17, 1860
Abraham Lincoln to Samuel Galloway, March 24, 1860
Newark (OH) Advocate, “‘Old Judge McLean’,” April 27, 1860
Newark (OH) Advocate, “Lincoln and Hamlin,” May 25, 1860
Newark (OH) Advocate, “Abraham Lincoln,” June 1, 1860
New York Herald, “Commencement of Republican Cabinet Making,” June 12, 1860
Abraham Lincoln to Henry J. Raymond, December 18, 1860
Charleston (SC) Mercury, "Republican Opposition to a Compromise," December 27, 1860
Newark (OH) Advocate, “Obtaining Votes Under False Pretences,” January 18, 1861
New York Herald, “Should Mr. Chase Go Into the Cabinet?,” February 27, 1861
New York Times, “Negro Regiments to be Raised,” April 1, 1861
Alexander Galt to Amy Galt, Washington DC, December 5, 1861
Abraham Lincoln to Arnold Fischel, December 14, 1861
Abraham Lincoln, Speech to Indians, March 27, 1863
Stephen Duncan to Mary Duncan, August 25, 1863, Natchez, Mississippi.
Maunsell Bradhurst Field to Editor New York Times, Letter accounting the Passing of President Abraham Lincoln, April 16, 1865
George Alfred Townsend, "The Obsequies in Washington," April 19, 1865
Chicago Style Entry Link
Blue, Frederick J.Salmon P. Chase: A Life in Politics. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 1987. view record
Crofts, Daniel W. "A Reluctant Unionist: John A. Gilmer and Lincoln's Cabinet." Civil War History 24, no. 3 (1978): 225-249. view record
Donald, David, ed. Inside Lincoln’s Cabinet: The Civil War Diaries of Salmon P. Chase. New York: Longmans Green and Co., 1954. view record
Gienapp, William E. “Salmon P. Chase, Nativism, and the Formation of the Republican Party in Ohio.” Ohio History 93 (Winter-Spring 1984): 5-39. view record
Luthin, Reinhard H. "Salmon P. Chase's Political Career before the Civil War." Mississippi Valley Historical Review 29, no. 4 (1943): 517-540. view record
Maizlish, Stephen E. “Salmon P. Chase: The Roots of Ambition and the Origins of Reform.” Journal of the Early Republic 18, no. 1 (1998): 47-70. view record
McClure, James P., Leigh Johnsen, Kathleen Norman, and Michael Vanderlan. "Circumventing the Dred Scott Decision: Edward Bates, Salmon P. Chase, and the Citizenship of African Americans." Civil War History 43 (1997): 279-309. view record
Middleton, Stephen. Ohio and the Antislavery Activities of Attorney Salmon Portland Chase, 1830-1849. New York: Garland Publishing, 1990. view record
Niven, John. Salmon P. Chase: A Biography. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995. view record
Warden, Robert Bruce. An Account of the Private Life and Public Services of Salmon Portland Chase. Cincinnati: Wilstach, Baldwin & Co., 1874. view record
How to Cite This Page: "Chase, Salmon Portland," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College,