Doubleday, Abner

Life Span
    Full name
    Abner Doubleday
    Place of Birth
    Birth Date Certainty
    Death Date Certainty
    Sectional choice
    Free State
    West Point (US Military Academy)
    Relation to Slavery
    White non-slaveholder
    US military (Pre-Civil War)
    Union Army
    US military (Post-Civil War)

    Abner Doubleday (American National Biography)

    Although during his lifetime Doubleday was noted for his military accomplishments, the historical significance attributed to him has been based primarily on his supposed invention of the game of baseball. In 1905 a commission was established to determine whether baseball had uniquely American origins or was descended from rounders, a game of English origin….The de facto leader of the commission was Abraham G. Mills, a former president of the National League, who in this capacity spent two years collecting written anecdotal recollections from interested persons nationwide on the matter, but he acquired little substantive evidence to support either claim. One such anecdote that piqued Mills's interest was provided by Cooperstown resident Abner Graves, who testified that he and Doubleday were schoolmates and that in 1839 Doubleday redesigned a game played by local residents known as "town ball." Doubleday, he said, instituted a smaller number of participants and a new set of rules and renamed the game "base ball." Doubleday may have played a game similar to that of baseball as a child or teenager in Cooperstown, but his status in 1839 as a second-year cadet at West Point makes a prolonged appearance in Cooperstown at that time unlikely. Moreover, no record has been found, even in Doubleday's many writings, that he ever played baseball.
    Brooks D. Simpson and Matthew E. Van Atta, "Doubleday, Abner," American National Biography Online, February 2000,
    How to Cite This Page: "Doubleday, Abner," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College,