John Hayward, Gazetteer of the United States of America… (Philadelphia: James L. Gihon, 1854), 564.
San Diego, Ca., c. h. San Diego co. This town, near the southern boundary of California, has, with the exception of Acapulco, the finest harbor on the Pacific. It is on a wide and spacious bay, the southern shore of which is low and sandy. From the bluff heights on the opposite side a narrow strip of shingly beach makes out into the sea, like a natural breakwater, leaving an entrance of not more than 300 yards broad. The town, which is inconsiderable, is situated on a plain, 3 miles from the anchorage, which is at the foot of the hills, just inside the bay, and from which the town is barely visible. It was the first place in Upper California occupied by the Spaniards. About 425 miles S. E. from San Francisco.