Julian John Chisolm (American National Biography)

Terry Hambrecht, "Chisolm, Julian John," American National Biography Online, February 2000, http://www.anb.org/articles/12/12-00157.html.
Chisolm made many contributions to medicine and surgery in his teaching, his more than 100 professional publications, his invention, and his founding of institutions. Besides his Civil War and ophthalmic writings, he is especially noted for his advocacy of early ambulation of patients after cataract surgery, for being one of the first ophthalmologists to perform surgery for cataract on an outpatient basis, and for his early practice of antisepsis in eye surgery. He was a leader in the development of ophthalmology as a surgical specialty during the nineteenth century, as was evidenced by his publications on the diagnosis and treatment of eye disorders and his selection as the chairman of the Section of Eye, Ear, Nose and Throat of the American Medical Association in 1884.
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