FAUGH-A-BALLAGH!

Source citation
“FAUGH-A-BALLAGH!,” New York Daily Times, 16 February 1857, p. 1.
Newspaper: Publication
New York Times
Newspaper: Headline
FAUGH-A-BALLAGH!
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1
Type
Newspaper
Date Certainty
Exact
Transcriber
Meghan Allen
Transcription date
The following text is presented here in complete form, as it originally appeared in print.  Spelling and other typographical errors have been preserved as in the original.
FAUGH-A-BALLAGH!

An Irish Riot in Hudson City, N.J.

A Free Fight ’twixt Corkonians and Fardowners.

One Dead, Several Fatally Wounded, and about Fifty taken Prisoners.

THE NEW-JERSEY MILITIA CALLED OUT.

Word having reached us Saturday evening that a terrible riot was raging at the Erie Railroad Improvements in Hudson City, (about two miles from Sybil’s Cave in Hoboken,) we dispatched several of our reporters to the spot, who found, indeed, that it was a terrible riot. It took no little time in the confusion that prevailed to get at its origin,--every man, woman and child having a different story to tell, and in a brogue so much increased by the excitement that the more they said the less was understood.

There are some twelve hundred Irishmen engaged on the Bergen tunnel of the Erie Railroad, and Saturday being their monthly pay-day, they celebrated it as usual with a grand carousal. Whiskey flowed freely, and under its inspirations a “’ruction” was soon raised. It began as such things generally do, between a Corkonian and a Far-Downer—discussing a little briskly the merits of their factions.

A Corkonian, our Yankee readers must know, is an Irishman from the Province of Munster, which is in the South of the Emerald Isle. A Far-Downer comes from “the black North,” or that portion of the island which is nearest Scotland—where the Giant’s Causeway is. Each claims that he is the better man, and when either has the whisky in he can always prove it. It is an ancient feud, and of obscure origin. St. Patrick takes no sides in the matter.

If Irishmen had not, many a poor fellow would have died comfortably in his bed, who went to the gallows, or Van Dieman’s Land for life. Coming to America never cures this factious feeling, as every day’s report from some place shows.

The argument of Saturday came early to a knockdown, and both parties soon being reinforced by friends, the fight became general throughout the village of shanties bordering on the tunnel. In a very short time full five hundred Irishmen were engaged in a most terrible riot and fight. Towards 8 o’clock in the evening, a rush was made for the “shanties,” and four of them were soon in ashes, while four others were as soon pulled down. Stones, brickbats, clubs, and every imaginable missile flow in all directions. Pistols and guns, knives, axes, clubs, cartrungs, bars of iron, &c., were brought into requisition. The Sheriff of Hudson County, HENRY B. BEATY, also residing in Hudson City, was quickly on the ground with a force, and dispatches were sent to Hoboken City, Jersey City, and Bergen, for the various military companies to march immediately to the ground.

Mayor C.V. CLICKENER, of Hoboken, with commendable alacrity, at once dispatched orders to Col. ALEX SHALER, commandment of the First Regiment, and to the various military companies in the City. Some delay was experienced in sending to New-York for cartridges, of which, unfortunately, the companies had but a small supply, but at about 10 o’clock they wore collected together, and at once proceeded to the scene of the riot. The following were the companies from Hoboken:

Highland Guard, Capt. JAMES T. HATFIELD.

National Guard, Capt. G. VAN HORTON.

Hudson Rifles, Capt. F.W. BOHNSTRADT.

Hudson Artillery, Capt. WM. HEXAMER, and the Hudson County Cavalry.

When about half-way up Bergen Hill, the military halted, at the order of the Under-Sheriff JOHN M. FRANCIS, to wait until the wounds of a prisoner could be dressed in order to escort him to the County Prison, which caused a delay of half an hour.

Col. SHALER hoped to bring is men upon the ground before the rioters could discover them, but he was disappointed, as they had received intelligence that the “military were coming,” and in a few minutes they had either fled or taken refuge in the various shanties about the ground. Several, however, were arrested while in the act of escaping the immediately conveyed to jail, accompanied by a file of soldiers from the National Guard. A great number were afterwards arrested.

It being suspected that a number of the aggressors had concealed themselves in the shafts, a guard was placed over each, in order to secure them in the morning. Several desperate fellows were captured at daylight, when they attempted to come out of their hiding places. The first Regiment assisted by the Jersey City Continentals, Capt. SANDERSON, accompanied by Sheriff BEATY, Under Sheriff FRACNIS, MAYOR VAN RIPER, of Hudson City, Mayor CLICKENER, of VAN RIPER, of Hudson City, Mayor CLICKENER, of Hoboken, and a large number of citizens, continued visiting the shanties and various buildings about the works, and making arrests until about 4 o’clock in the morning. At that time, all noise and rioting had ceased, and the First Regiment were dismissed for the night, the Continentals of Jersey City remaining on guard. They were relieved in the morning by the National Guards of Hoboken.

Dr. F.D. MULFORD, of Hoboken, was early at the scene of the disturbance, and unremittingly labored during the night in dressing the wounds of the injured. Even before his arrival at Hudson City, his services were brought into requisition in attending to the case of PATRICK FLANNAGAN who was found by the doctor and Under-Sheriff FRANCIS in an unoccupied saloon on the Bergen Hill road, belonging to Mr. OVERLY. As they were passing the building, their attention was attracted by loud and awful groaning. A light was procured from a neighboring house, and they entered the building, where FLANNAGAN was discovered lying insensible upon the floor, buised, cut, and covered with blood, one eye protruding from its socket, and his head literally covered with scalp wounds. On examination two arteries were shown to have been severed, and his life was ebbing fast away. He was removed to the residence of Mr. GESANKY, near by, who afforded every facility for dressing his wounds, and he was then taken to the jail under an escort of the cavalry. In visiting the shanties Dr. MULFORD found a large number who had been injured in various ways. In one shanty, where there were four men and three women,--most of whom, from free use of whisky were unconscious of passing events—a woman was found, giving the name of Mrs. MILLIGAN, who had barely escaped with life from the flames of her burning shanty. She had sustained severe injuries from the clubs of the maddened rioters. Her head showed two terrible scalp wounds and her left shoulder blade was fractured. Yesterday evening there was but little hope of her recovery.

In the next shanty visited was found a man named KELLY, who had been stabbed in the chest in two places. The wounds appeared to have been inflicted with a jack-knife. The doctor probed the one under the right arm, and immediately pronounced it fatal the knife having entered the lung, causing the internal hemorrhage. His wife stated that a descent was made upon their dwelling by a party of five or six of the rioters, and her husband received his injuries while defending the door.

A little girl, whose father was among those arrested on Saturday, was injured so seriously in the melee that she yesterday died.

JOHN QUINN was shot in the eye. He was not a participator in the riot. He arrived from Baltimore on Saturday afternoon, and was getting out of the Bergen stage when he was shot.

Almost all of those arrested were injured in some way,--for every man who was found by the military with head smashed, fingers cut, or having sustained injuries of nay character, was seized upon as a participant in the fight, and at once assigned a position in the ranks between two soldiers, and marched to prison. Those who need medical care were furnished it on arriving at the jail.

When the news of the riot had become known the greatest consternation prevailed throughout the city. Every man hurried to his home to protect his family and adopted and brought into action all the means for security and defence at his command. Doors were barred and barricaded, windows darkened, and firearms, clubs, &c., were prepared to use it the emergency made them necessary. The families generally quartered themselves in the basements of their houses, as the safest places in case of an attack. All the stores and many of the public buildings were closed at an early hour, and, excepting the tramp of the soldiery and the police authorities, Hudson appeared like a deserted city. Happily the night passed, and the disturbances were not renewed, except at the shanties, where small parties of Irishmen occasionally engaged in a shindy.

During yesterday thousands of men, women and children from New-York and the surrounding cities flocked to Hudson and the streets were crowded all day by these excitement seekers, in anticipation of more disturbances. Nothing, however, of much moment occurred during the day. There were a few private fights, but the belligerents were promptly arrested before the trouble became general. Late in the afternoon rumors were afloat that a large body of the Irish contemplated another attack, and in order that he might be prepared, the Sheriff issued orders to the military to rendezvous at the City Hall, and at 7 o’clock the First Regiment, with the Jersey City Continentals and Washington Greys were on the ground. Beside the military, a large body of special policy under the command of Chief SAMUEL ROBBINS were detailed by Mayor VAN REIPEN to preserve the peace. At a late hour last night no further disturbance had occurred.

Names of Those Arrested.

The following is a list of those who had been arrested and were detained in prison either as witnesses or participants in the outbreak:

Thomas Crosby, Thomas Sharky, Pat Dowly, Pat Paull, Thomas Riley, John McGeyer, Martin Hunt, James McDermot, Michael Dolan, John Moran, Michael Kehoe, James Barnet, Ed. Corbit, Owen Connelly, Michael Manaban, James Flannegan, Thomas Reynolds, Vincent McKinny, Pat Coscolow, James Bolan, Francis Loftiss, Thomas McCarthy, John Doe, Morris Lee, Pat. Coleman, Jerry Delay, Philip Kilmartin, Thomas Fabrull, Michael Pardian, Charles Dowley, Michael Doran, James Dowley, James Donly, Joseph Hannahan, James Brannan, Ed. Gillmartin, Pat. Tracy, Peter Calrate, Michael Burns, John Sullivan, James Falry, Thomas Stokes, John Quin, Thomas Malorey, Thomas Morrison.

Many of those in custody had in their possession at the time of their arrest, firearms, bludgeons, slungshots, and other dangerous instruments, all of which were seized by the Sheriff, and will be kept as evidence against the parties.

An investigation into the affair will be held at the Hudson Court House this morning.

This riot will probe a serious delay, and great pecuniary loss to Mr. MALLONY, the contractor for digging the tunnel, as several hundred of the men engaged in the affray have fled, and it will be sometime before their places can be supplied.

[FROM OUR REGULAR REPORTER.]

The City of Hudson, Jersey City and Hoboken were thrown into a great state of excitement on Saturday night by the report that there was a terrible riot among the Irish laborers employed upon the tunnel through Bergen Hill, in the City of Hudson, which is bring constructed by the Long Dock Company for the use of the New-York and Eric Railroad.

There having been over 1,100 men for some time past in the employ of Mr. MALLORY, the contractor on this work, and it being an object to expedite the work, he has lately made considerable additions to his force. Some of the laborers are from Munster, and others from Connaught, in Ireland, and they keep the old feud alive between them. These laborers live in shanties erected in groups; and the colony of men from Munster is on a “patch,” as it is called, adjacent to the “patch” which the Connaught men occupy with their shanties. Some of the new comers—Munster men—in erecting their shanties, encroached upon the domain of the of the Connaught men. Saturday last was pay-day, and there being considerable whisky in circulation among them, the old grudge was stimulated, and the Connaughtmen made an onslaught upon their invaders. The battle commenced at about 1 o’clock, but continued and increased in the number of those engaged and in fury, until night. The weapons used were fists, clubs and stones, and some of the women made weapons of their stockings by slipping stones into the toes of them. A considerable number were hurt, some fifteen or twenty badly, and it is possible that two or three may die from their injuries. The war was at its height soon after dark, at which time three single shanties and one double shanty of the Munster men were set on fire. The citizens of Hudson becoming greatly alarmed at this stage of the proceedings, and Sheriff BEATY, not being able to raise a sufficient force to make a descent upon the rioters, who numbered about four hundred men, sent to Jersey City and Hoboken for help. The Chief Engineer of the Jersey City Fire Department, Mr. FRENCH, having given permission, four fire companies repaired to the scene. Liberty Engine Company No. 1 mustered 150 men men: Arreseoh had a force of 200, and Washington Engine Company No. 5 and Diligent Hose Company No. 3 mustered together 50 men. Arriving in the neighborhood of the scene of disturbance, the firemen formed in line, and with Assistant Engineer HAYBECK at their head, and Engine Company No. 3 in front, they charged upon the ground, yelling and shouting, and drove the rioters off without coming to blows with them. They detected one man in the act of setting fire to a shanty, and arrested him. This put an end to the fighting for the night.

At about 11 o’clock, four military companies reached the vicinity. They were the Continental Guard, Capt. SANDERSON, of Jersey City; the Highwood Guard, Capt. HATFIELD, of Hoboken; the National Guard, Capt. AVN HOUTEN, and the Hoboken Rifles, Capt. BOHNSTED. These companies remained on duty until Sunday morning, at 4 o’clock, during which time they thoroughly searched the shanties on the “patches” of the belligerents. They arrested some fifteen persons—all whom they found showing signs of having been engaged in the melee. The only weapons found were a musket and fowling-piece. Yesterday, Sheriff BEATY made further search, and thirty-five more were arrested, for being enagaged in the fight. The fifty prisoners are lodged in jail. Yesterday, the Washington Volunteers, Capt. SPEAR, were on duty, and a request was sent last night to the military companies who were on duty the night previous, to be in readiness if their services were required. There was more fighting on Sunday afternoon, at 3 o’clock, but no serious riot took place.

The affair might have been much worse, but for Mr. MALLORY, the contractor. One half of al the men at work upon the tunnel are employed in the day-time and the remainder at night. When the riot broke out the day-hands were at work in the shafts, and he ordered the ladders to be drawn up, so that they were compelled to remain below.
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