South Carolina's commissioners to the United States present their credentials and explain their mission
Robert W. Barnwell, James Orr, and J.H. Adams had been appointed as "Commissioners" to the United States from the newly independent South Carolina. They had arrived in Washington DC two days before and took up residence in what they hoped to be their permanent house on K Street. They communicated with the President of the United States, announcing their arrival and mission. Buchanan's response two days later was cordial in its non-recognition but gave a full explanation of federal actions in the crisis. (By John Osborne)
"Documents and Narratives," Frank Moore, The Rebellion Record: A Diary of American Events, with Documents, Narratives, Illustrative Incidents, Poetry, Etc.(New York: G.P.Putnam, 1861), I: 11.